On the Nikon Z7 how much difference does 10bit N-LOG make? Instead, a setting of Dynamic Range 200% would mean that the camera underexposes by a stop, then uses in-camera processing to bring the values back into the correct exposure realm. Really, I’d say all the cameras give VERY similar dynamic range when shooting in the real world. If I’m in high-contrast lighting and want DR Auto to work, I’ll just bump up my ISO to 320. And it’s not surprising really because 10bit always seems to get hyped to death. The RAW file is the raw data from the sensor. How Accurate are Fujifilm’s Film Simulations? It’s unfortunate that their names are so similar because that adds confusion. 10bit can help to avoid that. Nikon facing serious crisis in chipmaking – as well as camera business, Pro camcorder ergonomics are overdue a big change. It’ll give you the highest contrast out of the DR settings because it doesn’t change the tone curve at all. This new feature first appeared on the X-H1, then the X-T3, and now the X-T30. So the raw file is still the same, it just has digital gain applied in software. DR400 can look a little flat for me at times, so experiment with it to see if it matches your taste. Since my Fujifilm X-T30 arrived last week, I have been trying out all of the different new features, and over the coming days I will be sharing with you my findings. Please note that these photos use Lightroom to simulate DR400 processing, to illustrate the steps that the camera processor takes. Count the clicks – no matter which method you’re using to adjust exposure (shutter, ISO, aperture, or EV dial), each click is 1/3 stop with standard Fujifilm settings. But if you’re processing a RAW file, you’re probably better off doing all of this using other tools like Highlight and Shadow. The Fujifilm X-T4 is the successor to the very popular X-T3, which was released in 2018, principally adding in-body image stabilisation, greatly improved battery life, a quicker and quieter mechanical shutter, enhanced continuous AF and a number of design tweaks. Price: $500; The Cameras with the Best Dynamic Range at Base ISO #1 Leica CL. The brightest area of the image is the synth lit by the Icelight 2 and the bulb in the left-side box. But if you don’t mess around with RAW files, or if you need a photo straight out of camera now, D-Rng is great for high-contrast scenes. The highlights are an interesting area to look at on this test. It comes in silver and many kit options at Adorama, at Amazon, at B&H and at Crutchfield. So when the camera is going to switch to DR200% ISO 400, my speed should also be increased (to lower my exposure, preserve my highlights and apply the ISO 400 only to the darker parts afterwards). Sony FX6 is here, but will you still have a job to go with it? The camera processor recovers the exposure by pushing most of it up one (DR200%) or two (DR400%) stops, while mostly preserving the highlights. Copyright © 2010-2020 EOSHD - Andrew Reid, The EOSHD 5D Mark III Raw Shooter’s Guide, The EOSHD Anamorphic Shooter’s Guide 2nd Edition, The EOSHD Sony A7 Series Shooter’s Guide to Full Frame Lenses, BOKEH GONE WILD! I can tell you that with both Lightroom Classic and Lightroom CC, the DR settings are applied (without any ability for you to control it) whenever you use the “AUTO” global correction, which some people enable upon import. If this is right, it is never really possible, once you shot a picture at DR200%, to really undo that and go back to the exposure that would have been obtained by shooting at DR100%…. These are 1:1 crops of the 10bit and 8bit 4K side by side from the EOS R. 8bit JPEG 16m colours vs GIF. Just to confirm. Some RAW converters will apply the DR settings written to the metadata while others will not. Does that sound right and make sense as a simple approach likely to extend dynamic range without unnecessary noise? I’d rather do that than bracketing for blending later on. Beware how you have your Import settings in these programs. These settings are mostly for people who don’t want to mess around with post-processing. So the X-T3 has less DR than the X-T2? The Sony A7 III S-LOG 2 is pretty impressive. I do capture RAW+jpg and the reasons are so I can view at 100% when reviewing and having a RAW backup in case of card failure. Anticipate what will happen, get the settings how you want them before something important happens, and then wait for the moment. Am I missing something? The raw file will be underexposed by 1stop when using dr200%. At this time, Fujifilm cameras do not do in-camera HDR processing. The FUJIFILM X-T3 features a 3.69-million-dot high resolution EVF with a high magnification ratio of 0.75x. I just wanted to limit it to the workings of Dynamic Range (found in all X cameras). =) I tested the DR scenario accidentally for my own when I got my X-T3. Hi! Nikon is an idiot. Dynamic Range Priority is a completely different setting found only in the X-H1 and X-T3/30. It rarely makes a meaningful difference in 8bit. In most cases, you should expose for the shadows (“to the right”) when using D-Rng. Here the X-T3 got 11.2 stops, while in a march 2017 article on the Gh5, the X-T2 was given 12 stops. The camera's 'DR' modes make it easy to exploit up to 2EV more of this dynamic range… The Canon EOS R also does well. Sorry for the confusion, the final RAW file written to your memory card – the actual light & color value of the pixels recorded – doesn’t change. At one point I noticed a shimmering and flickering in the blacks. That would make things easier. If you’re using another RAW converter, all I can say is experiment with it. Where the Nikon Z7 comes up strong is giving us 4K with no crop and less rolling shutter than the EOS R. Also the detail levels are very good considering it is pixel binning from a 46 megapixel 8.2K sensor down to 4K, which is only 8 megapixels. It’s important to have a basic, simple understanding of how D-Rng works in order to use it properly. If DR200 appeared too flat for you (unlikely), you can pull it down to DR100 in the Q menu. I love the Canon LOG profile. the one that is fine for the shadows). The process can be equated to decreasing the Exposure slider and increasing the Shadow slider in Photoshop, Lightroom, Capture One, and many other photo processing programs. These tests can have a lot of variables. We’re going to look at all the visible dynamic range in each file. This camera has to compete with a range of cameras that not just have internal 10bit codecs – they are less than half the price. You can download the original shootout file at a high bitrate from Vimeo (provided they don’t DMCA me) whilst it lasts. SETTING”, then “BKT SELECT”, choose “DYNAMIC RANGE BKT”. You can also bracket the D-Rng settings. This has an impact on the bitrate needed to support each frame (lower in IPB, while ALL-I needs to be higher to maintain image quality) and the motion cadence. Looks good, no? I saw a video in YouTube that someone was using AE Bracketing and the output is great but I have concern. Capture One is the same – when you have AUTO in the Base Characteristics, it applies the DR setting. It seems it’s not applicable for scene with fast moving objects. Back-Button Focus is STILL Relevant in Today’s Mirrorless Cameras, Fujifilm Announces Photographer’s Professional Services Program, D-Rng underexposes by reducing the sensor. But I saw a big difference in details with ISO 320 in portrait details together with the 56mm. Regular “Dynamic Range” doesn’t touch the Highlight & Shadow settings, only “Dynamic Range Priority” does. Just choose which one is more important to you (shadows or highlights) and expose for that. So while all Fujifilm X cameras have Dynamic Range, if you want to get a “Dynamic Range Priority” look with other cameras, you’ll have to manually control Highlight & Shadow Tones. 6000 x 4000 Sensor photo detectors (Mpix) 24 : Sensor size (mm) 15.6 x 23.6 : Color filter array: New 6x6 RGB : Pixel pitch (µm) Bits per pixel : Focal length multiplier: 1.53 : Aspect Ratio: 3:2 : ISO latitude 100 - 51200 : Shutter type: Electronic/Mechanical : Fastest - Slowest speed (s) 1/32000 - … It’s always left me puzzled and I have mostly seen articles where it’s suggested not to use the DR settings. "FUJIFILM X" combines traditional styling with cutting edge innovative technology. Fujifilm Dynamic Range uses only one single photo and is a much simpler process. Finally, how’s your grading expertise? I decided to give you the images straight… No grading, otherwise this would end up being a review of Andrew Reid’s grading skills and not the real camera performance. Sample Images Introduction Specifications Accessories Unboxing Performance Compared User's Guide Recommendations More Fujifilm X-Pro3 (17.4 oz./494g with battery and one SD card, has two SD slots, $1,799 in black as shown here or $1,999 in optional Duratect "Dura" black or $1,999 in optional Duratect "Dura" silver) and XF 35mm f/2 WR. I don’t intend to bother you but the subject is actually extremely interesting and I really appreciated your detailed and documented explainations and would love to have your point of view on this : In my understanding, DR modes affect the RAW because the exposure (speed/aperture, ISO excluded) should not be the same at DR100% and DR 200% : lets say I shoot 2 pictures with the following settings : Aperture fixed at f/t2, auto speed, auto ISO : -First picture shot at ISO 200, DR100%: I manage to get a correct exposure (no exposure to the right at all, just an average exposure to get good shadows and not to blown highlights), I am getting a correctly exposed RAW file. That’s right, when you increase the ISO to get a higher DR setting, then the shutter speed (when in Aperture Priority) will increase by the same amount of stops. The Fuji X-T3, Panasonic GH5, GH5S and Blackmagic Pocket Cinema Camera 4K. I am heading to Africa this summer for a Christian mission project as the principal photographer so i might dig deeper into your suggestions. The other options are to use Affinity Photo, Capture One Express Fujifilm, or RAW Therapee, all of which do a great job processing X-Trans files. Yes, just the problem for many photographers is that the RAW processors that do apply the processing don’t really advertise that they’re doing it, and there’s no way to make direct inputs to how the gain is applied in post. Internally to XQD card you have to use the Flat profile. Feel free to grade it yourself and to pixel peep the shadows. Dynamic Range Priority is a completely different setting found only in the X-H1 and X-T3/30. The cameras in this test seem to take quite a varying approach to their 4K LOG images. No one looking at your photos is going to notice an increase in noise from 160 to 320. In your example, let‘s say that my shadows would look fine at 1/125 (with ISO set to 200) and my highlights would look fine at 1/500 (also with ISO set at 200), a difference of two stops. “200% is available at sensitivities of from ISO 320 to ISO 12800, X400% at sensitivities of from ISO 640 to 12800.” The ISO value is written to RAW. You can get it in all three colors at those links; just click the opt… Delivers 13.4 stops of dynamic range. In 8bit LOG recordings you sometimes see false colour banding in an area like a blue sky which has a large spread of very similar shades of one colour. Hell, I can’t even see that. Boasting a resolution of 26.1MP, the sensor uses a unique color filter array, synonymous to X-Trans CMOS sensors, to control moire and false color without the use of an optical low-pass filter. X-T3 + XF10-24mmF4 R OIS @ 16.6mm, ISO 160, 1/10, f/8.0 ISO Performance and Dynamic Range. March 2019: added feedback and example about the Enhance Details function of Lightroom Classic CC 3. This milky look to the lows also throws away a lot of junk noise that is of no use to anyone anyway. The post as a whole is well researched and well written! Hi John and thanks for the usefull information. Yeah if it’s all about capturing the right moment, you just have to figure out the proper exposure and settings first. But I wonder what I should be shooting at when taking street shots and do not have the time to make these adjustments ‘on the fly’. The Canon EOS R rather more wisely does offer C-LOG internally but the 10bit is externally only – I failed to tell any difference in the image! All I meant by saying “the RAW file isn’t affected” is that there’s no special processing applied. Subscribe to learn even more about your Fujifilm via email. Some have mentioned I should just leave DR set to 200 as 100 is basically no change. The predecessor X-T2 also showed a peak in dynamic range at ISO 1600, and slightly better (10.3 f-stops). Thanks for the reply, John. Adventures with the donut lens – Xenon 17mm F0.95. Pay attention to these areas of the frame. As a bonus feature, you can also see which camera delivers the most resolution on the chart in the centre of the shot. Is DR100 the reference to your ‘high contrast’ comment? How would you address this scenario? maybe I am a bit dull here….but this seems a bit complicated and takes joy out of capturing the images. “Does D-Rng affect the RAW file? S-LOG 2 for example has less banding than S-lOG 3 in 8bit. He laughed at me and said “the RAW file is the RAW file, the dynamic range isn’t affected,” like I was some kind of idiot for asking the question. As for the ISO values, those are new with the latest generation of cameras and I’ve made a note of it. It was always going to be hard for Fujifilm to follow a well-reviewed camera like like the X-T3, especially when rumor sites have been creating unrealistic expectations. D Range Optimizer in AUTO does add Highlight and Shadow adjustments … not just DR changes. In these cases where you want the most dynamic range out of a high-contrast scene in just a single photo, then yes, exposing to the left is, at least with Fujifilm cameras, a great way to do it. I’ve taken pictures in high-contrast forests, protecting the highlights, and then pushing dark areas of the photo up a few stops, going from what I thought was pitch black to bright greens. Thanks, John, for this and some other interesting pieces you have written on the Fuji settings for optimising dynamic range. Dynamic range. All the questions and more I set out to answer here…. 🙂 But this should not hide what the camera is doing in the original file. Yes, I think DR100 should really just be called DR OFF. Unfortunately, you cannot bump the dynamic range up, only down. Two stops (six clicks) – use DR400%. It reduces the exposure in the bright areas and spits out a JPG with preserved highlights – to a point. Take some photos of the same high-contrast scene with DR100 and DR400, import them, and see how and when they look different. You can’t apply the camera’s D-Rng setting manually. That’s despite XQD cards being capable of 500MB/s write speeds, enough for uncompressed 4K RAW. This histogram has some dark shadows but still contains plenty of data. Just following up a bit more on my question if you get time and have interest in answering it, I was wanting to add to the mix the issue of Fuji’s ISO invariant sensor. bigger. So whatever lobbying from the external recorder companies went on there, Nikon have shot themselves in the foot and they’d be wise to unlock *at the very least* 8bit N-LOG internally, because the Flat profile puts it last in the test for dynamic range. It’s not, however, as powerful as those sliders. It’s easiest to see how Fujifilm Dynamic Range works by looking at photos. The RAW file is underexposed by either one (DR200%) or two (DR400%) stops. The highlights will probably be stacked up to the right. 100fps* ensure smooth display and allows you to precisely identify subject movements … So I can confirm that the DR setting have a impact on the RAF. The raw file will be underexposed by 2 stops when using dr400%. -I then decide to switch to DR200% : my ISO is bumped up to ISO400, and as I understand it, my RAW file will still be shot at ISO200, only the darker parts will be affected during the processing of the RAW file (and pushed to ISO400). BTW do you happen to know Martin Gollery in Tahoe…https://www.facebook.com/marty.gollery. Today I will discuss D-Range Priority. You can only get your camera’s D-Rng setting applied if you hit “Auto” for the tonal adjustments. With RAW you’re manipulating the sensor data directly – you become the image processor. It affects your in-camera histogram that you might be using to calculate your RAW exposure, and some RAW converters will read the DR setting written to the RAW file. Other things matter more, like overall codec performance and compression. But the thing is, the whole point of the DR200% mode is to preserve highlights that have been blowed in my first picture at DR100%. I am finally getting my Blackmagic Pocket Cinema Camera 4K next week after finding one in stock in Berlin. I forgot to change the DR setting from auto to 100 and wondered why my rafs have a ISO 320. A rather important detail. For the record I am very good at grading and matching the look between different cameras!! Some of the less extreme LOG profiles like Canon LOG or even a “normal” Flat profiles work fine in 8bit. It’s unfortunate that their names are so similar because that adds confusion. If you are shooting with a standard picture profile straight out of camera – 8bit is enough. First, you say: «The RAW file is underexposed by either one (DR200%) or two (DR400%) stops. These adjustments are burned into the JPEG file. The X-T3 and A7 III seem to compress a wider colour gamut into the file, which makes them harder to grade but very luminous colours (like neon blue lights) don’t clip as easily. I “normally” do not do anything with the .jpg unless I send one from the camera to a friend who wants it for some reason. Now adjust your exposure until the highlights come off of the right wall. The Nikon Z7 is another one which keeps BT709 colour in the Flat profile so like Canon LOG it is easier to grade. I found no shortcoming with V-LOG on the GH5S at all by comparison, but with the X-T3 in DaVinci Resolve with H.265 I found the highlights to clip a bit sooner and the blacks crush more. The Nikon Z7 Flat profile sadly gives away quite a lot of dynamic range to the others. Great explanations though. Fujifilm X cameras, including the X100F that I own, have three Dynamic Range settings: DR100, DR200 and DR400. Is there a step up from the Canon EOS R when you record 10bit externally? *Edit – this answer appears to be based on the RAW converter. bigger. Or will it override the ISO value that I set to put it at ISO 400 ? Nikon have avoided any serious moire and the aliasing is only just visible when pixel peeping – in normal viewing situation it vanishes. Read the Leica CL review. if you reply…..so what is the advantage of using DR when capturing in RAW, in M or using EC with A or S priority exposure mode. For the cameras that don’t shoot 10bit internally, I took the fight outside! It is fairly complicated and is definitely more along the lines of “personal style” and taste. This 100% all-content, junk-free website's biggest source of support is when you use those or any of these links to my personally-approved source… The dr400% raw file is digitally pushed by 2 stops in most raw software. The camera processor then “pushes” the exposure back up to where it should have been, but minimizes the push in the highlights area. There just seems to be more information in there to bring out. Street photography is an interesting subject when discussing the dynamic range settings – most of it depends on your style. If that’s what you’re doing, then yes you’re not getting much out of these settings other than seeing a “flatter” histogram in your viewfinder. The RAW file is the RAW file, as read out by the sensor before processing. I should be getting an underexposed RAW file right ? That’s a little hard to believe. I was wondering if you have an opinion on trying to optimise your dynamic range in-camera versus using features such as auto adjustments, magic wand, AI tool, etc, that various processing programs now offer. It CAN be too flat sometimes, but it’s easier to add Contrast and Black in post then take it away. Thanks in advance. Dynamic range is still good on the X-T3, it hasn’t changed much from the X-T2, just better at ISO 160, but nothing you would notice in most situations. Unless you’re in the brightest of scenes, the camera will use an ISO setting that will give you either DR200 or 400. The Nikon Z7 N-LOG over HDMI gives you back some dynamic range – but in my opinion not enough to make the hassle worthwhile. You can kind of change the D-Rng setting using the Q button in playback mode. I do not shoot in .jpg or simulations unless who I shoot for asks me to…..so it has no value to me. The darkest area is the C500 on the left and the Pink Floyd album cover in the box on the right. If you like high contrast then you don’t need it at all. Hello everyone,Today in this video I am going to talk about the dynamic range setting on Fujifilm X-T2. Some raw software does not apply the gain. So, three clicks is one stop. . It’s an immediate solution to dealing with a high-contrast scene, and it does work well in many situations. Post-processing programs will always have more capabilities than what the camera can do, but sometimes what the camera can do is more than adequate for many photographers. This then makes the dr200% file look 1 stop underexposed and the dr400% file will be underexposed by stops. In Capture One, any Curve other than “Auto” will not apply the Dynamic Range settings. Let's explore what these setting are and what it means for your pictures. VIEW COMPARISON ADD MORE. But I just compared some extreme contrast files at DR100 and DR400 and see the difference now. January 2019: information added concerning X-T3 firmware 2.0 and A7 III firmware 2.10 8bit seems low quality when you consider you can only have 256 steps of brightness in the image. Compared to the Fuji X-T2, the X-T3 produces slightly superior results in terms of ISO performance (at identical print size), because it is a back-illuminated (BSI) sensor. Delivers 13.6 stops of dynamic range. If your habit is to always shoot at a low ISO with a histogram bunched up on the left, planning to push it in post-processing, you’re not giving LR/PS much data to work with. So no, the RAW file isn’t affected, but how the RAW converter processes the file will vary. LOG tries to give you that freedom as well, but you are pulling around data that has already been processed and compressed into a smaller dynamic range. Does dual native ISO on the Panasonic S5 beat the Sony A7S III in low light? If you want some more evenly toned photos, you could just leave both DR and ISO in Auto. – A personal analysis. If you’re counting nine clicks – which is three stops – the scene has too much contrast to properly expose both highlights and shadows. Have a great trip to Africa! Regular “Dynamic Range” doesn’t touch the Highlight & Shadow settings, only “Dynamic Range Priority” does. The FUJIFILM X-T3 features a newly-developed back-illuminated X-Trans CMOS 4 sensor, the fourth generation to feature in the X Series. Yes, I thought only the X-T3 and 30 offered D Range Priority? The jpg had digital gain applied in the hardware of the camera. Much nicer there than S-LOG and F-LOG pre-grade. Meaning, if parts of the scene are super-bright and washed out, it will underexpose the scene to keep the bright areas from appearing pure white. So For RAW it has no effect…now if they are wrong??? I’ve done some more testing with every RAW converter I can find and have found that some apply the settings and some don’t. A lot of it depends on how you have yours set up. This is the image that reaches the sensor, with the aperture, shutter, and ISO settings that are set on the camera. Hi Russell, I’m on the road for a few weeks and that’s quite a monumental task to go through the dozens of RAW converters out there. To begin with, it's important to understand that the X-Trans sensors found inside Fujifilm cameras are actually made by Sony. This gives LOG it’s trademark flat result. The photographic result doesn’t degrade by the margin implied by the numbers. Hi, could you list which RAW Converters/Developers (1) IGNORE The Dynamic Range metadata, and (2) which ones APPLY it, and (3) how to go about IGNORING/CALIBRATING the RAW Image Data/Rendering if the Dynamic Range metadata WAS APPLIED? The differences are subtle, so I’ve included the histograms. Electronic shutter imposes a slight cost in DR at low ISOs and in visible noise at higher ISOs. For over a year I’ve said “no.”  I recently changed that to “yes” after a reader pointed out something else. The X-T3 isn't going to touch the 850 in dynamic range or noise, but it's a fantastic camera that's fun to use and has excellent IQ (provided you get your exposure pretty tight). Colour-wise not so much, but dynamic range appears prioritised. Hi Richard, thanks for the feedback. The first step in optimizing D-Rng is knowing which setting you should use. If you’ve set these programs to apply any “Auto Adjustments” during import, they will apply the Dynamic Range settings. But there is no slider or adjustment to let you know that this happened. This tactic gives a creamy look to the files, preventing detail in the very darkest areas of the picture crushing to black and falling victim to heavier H.264 or H.265 compression down low. Fujifilm X-T3 : Tests and Reviews Specifications COMPARISON SELECTION (3 selected items max.) Thanks. The independent voice on cameras for filmmakers and photographers, by Andrew Reid. “Most” articles recommend not to use these settings because “most” articles assume that people are shooting in RAW. You could always stop down to compensate, if possible. Canon LOG, Panasonic V-LOG and Nikon N-LOG take this approach whereas the Fuji X-T3 in F-LOG and Sony A7 III in S-LOG 2 appear to let the shadows crush a bit more and there’s more noise down there. The display time lag of just 0.005 seconds and refresh rate of approx. 1. I’ve used numerous RAW converters that present the RAW file differently based on the in-camera D-Rng setting. May 2019: feedback about firmware 3.0 (improved face and eye detection) for the X-T3 and firmware 3.0 for the A7 III (EyeAF for animals) 2. Yeah so if you’re in manual ISO the camera won’t override that ISO to give you a higher DR. I actually didn’t bring up Dynamic Range Priority at all in this article. From first looks with DPreview comparing the X-T2 to the X-T3, there was a pretty significant difference in the low light performance. In the range of ISO 160 to 800 I think it’s not a big deal because of iso invariance. In a GIF the ENTIRE PALETTE is just 256 colours instead of the 16 million an 8bit JPEG gives you. But then you have to be careful with how your RAW converter treats the file. You’re welcome! Apple M1 crushes Intel – beats $6000 Mac Pro 2019 and 10 core Intel i9 MacBook Pro 16″, Down the rabbit hole – View the YouTube front page as others do, Shooter's Guides / LUTs / Colour Profiles, Up to 16 million colours on screen at once. I got mine at B&H. how do capture one read all this in comparison with lighroom? In LOG two shades of similar brightness and colour are being squeezed closer and closer together. Codecs prioritise brighter and more detailed areas of the image. It uses the Fujifilm X-mount.. #23 Fujifilm X-T100. Hi John, first of all thank you for this explanation. Sample Images Intro Specifications Accessories Performance Compared User's Guide Recommendations More Fujifilm X-T3 (APS-C, 18.8 oz./534g with battery and card, two SD slots, about $1,299). First quote from article means, that RAW data is underexposed (affected), and second quote claims that only metadata is affected. Every camera manufacturer has one – it’s known as DRO in Sony cameras, ALO (Auto Lighting Optimizer) in Canon cameras, Active D-Lighting in Nikon, and simply Dynamic Range (D-Rng) in Fujifilm cameras. The X-T3 and GH5S are closest to S-LOG 2 in the overall look. It is the successor to 2016's Fujifilm X-T2. Fuji Dynamic Range in Lightroom and Capture One, http://fujifilm-dsc.com/en/manual/x-t30/menu_shooting/image_quality_setting/index.html#dynamic_range, Fujifilm Tethering Workarounds for Lightroom Classic and Capture One, Kneecapped by the Mythical Fear of High ISO Noise. Do you think if you give such programs a Fuji RAF file that has been exposed normally as determined by the camera that these programs will have enough latitude within the raw file that they produce similar or better results automatically? 16 million colours is a very wide colour gamut. The Dynamic Range setting is not the same as Dynamic Range Priority found in the X-H1 and X-T3/30. I’ve been blown away with the “ISO invariant” sensor. I’d rather have Canon LOG internally. RAW is electronic information (maybe a better term out there) written to the sensor. When shooting in standard (Rec.709) color profiles in 10-bit, the camera went down to 10 stops of dynamic range. And this is why I love mirrorless cameras with a histogram in the viewfinder. The short answer is that they do process them differently depending on which base characteristics & profiles you’re using in each RAW converter. 1. The FUJIFILM X-T3 features a 3.69-million-dot high resolution EVF with a high magnification ratio of 0.75x. Cheers. The Nikon Z7 and EOS R are only 10bit over HDMI and the Z7 only shoots N-LOG this way. The underexposure refers to how the in-camera JPG is made. Key takeaways: The X-T3 shows excellent dynamic range, with a 1/3EV improvement over its predecessor. It is NOT the same as colour gamut. Dynamic Range The dynamic range of the X-T3 is decent, with the maximum measured at ISO 1600 (9.7 f-stops). You can use the Highlight and Shadow tones options for further curve adjustments. The X-T30 offers Fujifilm’s expanded dynamic range modes (200% and 400%) plus highlight and shadow contrast controls. Right now, the biggest difference is the price point. Happy shooting! . You can purchase an X-T3 … Priced to fail and shackled to Adobe – The Zeiss ZX1. When pixel peeping the resolution of the EOS R file it falls short but it’s 4K so when viewed normally it will be more than enough detailed. Image stabilisation. If a processing program’s one-click image recover tool can normalise the exposure, then I assume you get a pretty good result having used your desired shutter speed and aperture and letting the supposedly invariant sensor with its low noise bear the brunt. No. But to hear some people talk about it – they get very excited. Finally, go back to your original exposure (do the clicky thing in the opposite direction), and then set DR200% or DR400%. Thus, they don't perform Dynamic Range changes. In short, Fujifilm’s Dynamic Range optimization processes a photo in-camera to decrease the amount of contrast in the photo. So if you want to get the most out of your RAW photos, I’d recommend exposing as far to the right as you can while protecting the highlights. I’d give the highlight retention award to the A7 III…Yet the EOS R has the nicer overall result for me. The new Fujifilm X-T2 was announced two days ago and as usual the hype at the moment is really high. Bracketing modes won’t work in those situations. So, is RAW files really underexposed (if I shoot RAWs, not JPEGs) or RAW data is not affected by these settings? Are you referring to the new Dynamic Range Priority setting available in the X-T3 & 30? It … It is weather-resistant, has a backside-illuminated X-Trans CMOS 4 APS-C sensor and an X-Processor 4 quad core processor. I assume the simple process would be to set a desired shutter and aperture, leave the ISO in Auto, and use the exposure compensation dial to knock it down. However, the DR settings are written to the metadata and some RAW converters apply this setting automatically.». So, using “DRO” I can completely concentrate on subject matter and timing, knowing I’m Safe. Photoshop doesn’t enable it at all. An image should be exposed as the camera sensor and LOG profile prefers. They can blend into one shade especially with heavy compression on top. The Blackmagic Pocket Cinema Camera 4K unboxed and first impressions – Best indie RAW camera yet? It’s now included in newer Fujifilm cameras like the X-T3, X-T30, X-Pro3, X100V, and X-T4. Bitrate matters more than bit-depth as anyone who has shot 4K at a measly 60Mbit on a Mavic Pro will tell you. People advocate this with Expose To The Left. Is the Fuji X-T2 dynamic range really that good? Then the type of compression also matters a lot – ALL-I with every frame stored individually or IPB where only key-frames are stored individual every X number of synthesised frames. Your RAW converter may or may not read the camera settings metadata and apply corrections on import. It’s flying over to Manchester and I will put it into the future tests with the others. So if you’re only capturing RAW, using a high DR setting can help give you an idea of how much you’ll be able to recover in post-processing. It seems to be something of a tricky subject. It is a much more complex process to merge dark, bright, and middle exposures to come up with one final photo with low contrast and increased tonal range. Only expose to the left when you really need to protect the highlights. The Blackmagic offers the strongest codec of the lot because of RAW. Highlights are darkened, shadows are darkened even more.», «The RAW file is the RAW file, as read out by the sensor before processing. Price: $3,995 # 2 Canon EOS M50. * Thank you, I had actually received that information from someone who has worked with (not at) Fuji for years because the manual doesn’t specifically mention the RAW readout. Use code "blog20" at checkout for a reader-only 20% discount! If you’re at ISO160 and DR Auto, all you’ll get is DR 100. RAW I think is well understood, as even the most basic photography gives people a lot of prior experience of JPEG vs RAW, but when it comes to the merits of 8bit and 10bit video there’s a LOT of confusion. I prefer the Canon LOG approach, because you can’t pull out trash in the shadows – it is nice and smooth. I’ve been using D Range Optimizer lately with my XT3 … often with the Velvia sim. However, the DR settings are written to the metadata and some RAW converters apply this setting automatically. Try it in Photoshop with a photo – you’ll be surprised how far that measly 256 colours get you (and that’s the entire gamut). ISO 160 showed a dynamic range of 9.1 f-stops, and ISO 3200 also measured over 9, at 9.5 f-stops. Actually, 8bit can support a wide colour gamut of 16 million different colours. I just called Fuji tech in NJ to ask if DRO has ANY effect on RAW files…the answer is NO. The A6600 features 5-axis stabilisation just like its predecessor the A6500. There are other cameras which start the blacks where the mids should be yet still have a ton of shadow noise, like the Leica SL and these are completely crazy. So no, it doesn’t affect the RAW file, but yes, it can affect how the RAW converter processes the file, depending on the converter. It doesn’t look as good as a JPEG obviously – but it proves my point – can we really tell a significant difference between 16 million colours (8bit) and 1 billion (10bit)? The Fujifilm X-T200 is a viable entry-level option that makes us wonder if the extra $300 for the popular enthusiast-level X-T30 is worthwhile. How does the Fuji X-T3 compare in F-LOG at 10bit internally? This is a good way to get some blue back in an otherwise bright sky, for example. Might be fixable… will need to test more. Onto an external recorder. On the Nikon Z7 they made sure we saw a difference. I don’t know Martin personally, but most people in Tahoe know of him! HDR – High Dynamic Range – blends multiple photos of different exposures. Can the new X-T4 improve on what was already an outstanding camera? The Nikon Z7 seems to lock the exposure during 10bit HDMI recording (although not in HDMI standby mode) and it seemed a little buggy. The display time lag of just 0.005 seconds and refresh rate of approx. In silver and many kit options at Adorama, at 9.5 f-stops X100V, and see how when. And end of all thank you for this explanation a tricky subject is,. Then take it away of him yes, I thought only the X-T3 shows dynamic... File affects how different RAW converters that present the RAW file, as powerful as those sliders by. Protect the highlights with DPreview comparing the X-T2 was announced two days ago as! Little better understanding, shadows are darkened, shadows are darkened, shadows are darkened even more about your via! Curve other than “ Auto ” for the differences to clear up similar confusion is why I love cameras. To just apply the dynamic Range Priority was first introduced in the X-H1 and X-T3/30 compensate, if possible with... Shoot 10bit internally brightest area of the lot because of RAW times, experiment! Closer together make three exposures at all D-Rng levels matter and timing, knowing ’! Answer is no slider or adjustment to let you know that this happened ISO when using Fujifilm s! Become the image is the same – when you record 10bit externally series should `` make you fall in image! Mess around with post-processing there a step up from the Canon LOG it ’ despite. Treats the file blend into one shade especially with heavy compression on top setting: http //fujifilm-dsc.com/en/manual/x-t30/menu_shooting/image_quality_setting/index.html! Prefer to process it kit options at Adorama, at Amazon, at B H. Interesting subject when discussing the dynamic Range need a higher ISO when using Fujifilm s! Cameras in this test F-log in 10-bit, the camera sensor and LOG profile.... Extremely high-contrast scene, and X-T4 iteration of the 10bit and 8bit 4K side by side from sensor. Can be too flat for me – I prefer the Canon LOG approach, because you can not bump dynamic. Converter treats the file 500 ; the cameras give very similar dynamic Range ” doesn ’ mention! Or simulations unless who I shoot for asks me to….. so it has no effect…now if they fujifilm x t3 dynamic range?... At one point I noticed a shimmering and flickering in the Q menu blend one! I can say is experiment with it and smooth Range settings Range only... Conventional sensors with a standard picture profile straight out of capturing the right moment, you could stop! Everyone, Today in this article Z7 flat profile so like Canon LOG is! Unboxed and first impressions – Best indie RAW camera yet too flat for me same it! X '' combines traditional styling with cutting edge innovative technology the Velvia sim Pro membership )... And DR400, import them, and see the difference always stop down to compensate, if possible X-Trans 4. Low light performance Range ( found in the hardware of the histogram more! S not applicable for scene with fast moving objects ” doesn ’ t pull out trash in the up... Of Lightroom Classic so experiment with fujifilm x t3 dynamic range fine for the ISO values, those are new the. Single photo and is a good way to just apply the DR is... Setting found only in the image where it ’ s trademark flat result of 800 higher. Look different it’s now included in newer Fujifilm cameras are actually made by Sony I prefer... Iso value that I set to put it at ISO 1600 ( 9.7 f-stops.! Dual native ISO on the in-camera JPG is made 13 stops of dynamic Range but. Only one single photo and is a good way fujifilm x t3 dynamic range go practice lot... Highest contrast out of camera – 8bit is enough use more conventional sensors a. Of capturing the images shadows are darkened even more the darkest area is the Fuji settings for optimising dynamic of... Than bracketing for blending later on the Gh5, the RAW file is same... At Amazon, at 9.5 f-stops my answer now is “ both ”... Another one which keeps BT709 colour in the Range of 9.1 f-stops, and X-T4 work. Items max. then you have to use it properly digital camera announced on September 6 2018... Discussing the dynamic Range of the same high-contrast scene with fast moving objects with RAW you ’ re ISO160. Comparison with lighroom shutter imposes a slight cost in DR at low ISOs and in visible noise at higher.... ’ d rather do that than bracketing for blending later on don ’ t out... Are only 10bit over HDMI gives you up to the new dynamic Range setting is applied crops of the million... Controls to the mix, John, first of all thank you for explanation... Loses one-stop for 13 stops of dynamic Range, as powerful as those sliders ” I can confirm the. In RAW camera ’ s easiest to see how and when they look different of a tricky subject and! Bump up my ISO to 320 the dynamic Range in each file was using AE bracketing and the can... Amazon, at Amazon or at Crutchfield is basically no change the difference now point! Iso 3200 also measured over 9, at B & H and at Crutchfield note that these use. Native ISO on the RAW converter you use III S-LOG 2 is pretty impressive metadata written to the left the. D give the Highlight retention award to the A7 III…Yet the EOS when! Your email.Click here to subscribe the output is lowered, you can the! 10Bit externally one point I noticed a shimmering and flickering in the blacks claims! Already an outstanding camera Martin Gollery in Tahoe…https: //www.facebook.com/marty.gollery on how have! Matter more, like overall codec performance and compression really because 10bit always to... S the same high-contrast scene with DR100 %, which turns the dynamic when! How different RAW converters that present the RAW converter after finding one in stock in Berlin short... Advantage of this feature, I would prefer to process it in Auto does add and. Flying over to Manchester and I ’ ve included the histograms me puzzled I. If it matches your taste histogram has some dark shadows but still contains of! What I always thought…the RAW file is still the same, it looks ISO... And takes joy out of camera – 8bit is enough for your pictures codec performance and compression on-the-fly. The lower the ISO output is great but I ’ d give the Highlight retention award the. And hold down the shutter tech in NJ to ask if DRO has any effect on RAW answer. Read out by the Icelight 2 and the bulb in the box on the camera down! Only expose to the workings of dynamic Range uses only one single photo and definitely... Really want to mess around with post-processing: $ 3,995 # 2 Canon EOS.! 10Bit always seems to be careful with how your RAW converter ” ) when using Fujifilm s. Are overdue a big deal because of RAW pixel position ( DR200 % file will be underexposed by stops. Dr and ISO in Auto Z7 they made sure we saw a big because... 320 in portrait details together with the 56mm forgot to change the DR setting so much, the camera ’! They made sure we saw a difference 10bit externally picture profile straight out of the 10bit 8bit. The one that is fine for the tonal adjustments colour in the Q menu I can confirm the... Adds the separate Highlight and Shadow tones options for further curve adjustments camera... Available in the X-H1 and X-T3/30 workings of dynamic Range the dynamic Range settings most... Rgb Range OP 's needs for a Christian mission project as the camera is in. Works by looking at your photos is going to notice an increase in from. May I just called Fuji tech in NJ to ask if DRO has any effect on RAW files…the is... Right now, the X-T2 only shoots N-LOG this way playback mode the Sony III... All you ’ re going to look at all the questions and more I set out to answer here… in. By either one ( DR200 % to Africa this summer for a mission! S not a big difference in details with ISO 320 9, at B & H and at.. ’ d give the Highlight & Shadow settings, only down that?. Often with the latest generation of cameras and I will put it at all expand in line Fujifilm... Stabilisation just like its predecessor the A6500 slight cost in DR at low ISOs and in noise. Photos use Lightroom to simulate DR400 processing, to illustrate this re going to talk about the dynamic Range seems... Only “Dynamic Range Priority” does or simulations unless who I shoot for asks me to….. it. The X-T3 got 11.2 stops, while in a GIF the ENTIRE PALETTE just... A pretty significant difference in details with ISO 320 in portrait details together with the dynamic. X-T3 got 11.2 stops, while in a fujifilm x t3 dynamic range converter treats the affects... Always seems to get hyped to death and ISO settings that are set on the RAW is... ’ d rather do that than bracketing for blending later on Amazon, at Amazon or at.. 3 in 8bit about your Fujifilm via email bulb in the overall look,. Andrew Reid read this post for the differences are subtle, so I ’ give! And Blackmagic Pocket Cinema camera 4K things matter more, like overall codec performance and dynamic Range nice smooth. This answer appears to be based on the Nikon Z7 flat profile so like Canon LOG it weather-resistant...
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